The indexical qualities of photography in rendering truth
Photographic manipulation and the documentation of truth
Censorship in advertising
Censorship in art
Ansel Adams Moonrise Hernandes New Mexico c1941-2
Indexical photography - the camera never lies? Documentary
Manipulation - improve?
Analogue photography - the film/negative is the 'original'
Digital - original is the code
So this image on the face of it should not be manipulated but Ansel Adams did. Truth in photography as been questionable for some time
is the magic the composition, the context, the time of day or is it the printing and techniques used.
Ansel Adams Moon over half dome 1960
Is the quality in the process or the composition
Ansel Adams Aspens
Made countless reproductions from the same negative and then used processes to connote different times of day and different weather.
1992 Age of Propaganda: The everyday use and abuse of persuasion
Stalin with and without Nikolei Yezhov - doctored images
Stalin with and withou Trotsky
The government only wants to you see a certain type of truth,
World trade centre - doctored image
homegame.org/news/ Flight Simulator and Expedia, Gap and Evian
GQ Kate Winslet with elongated legs from Photoshop Feb 2000
Photograph from the Gulf War two images put together - sell papers
Reutors - they depend on use of authentic images so sacked one of their photographers for photo manipluation.
Anything documenting a truth such as newspaper is more serious
Robert Capa, Death of a Loyalist Soldier 1936 - Questioned whether it is a soldier being shot in battle. As since been proved authentic.
Elliot Aronson in Pratkanis and Aronson 1992 Age of propaganda
Caption from VUE which accompanied the Robert Capa image. Is the truth coloured by the caption? Suggests a certain way of thinking.
Quote Tom L Beauchamp - about advertising but can be applied to thisimage
The unseen Gulf War By Peter Turnley 1991 book
Jean Baudrillard- Simulcra and Simulations quote
1. It is a reflection of realitry
Peter Turnley quote
The US and allied troops had a pool of photographers. These were approved and the media had to but these images.
The mile of death - 25 -26th February
Jean Baudrillard ' It is a masquerade
Wrote a book that the Gulf War did not take place 1995 - inferring that the representations were a simulation of war , a media event, distance from it, Not that it actually did not take place.
Does a photo being black and white make it more real?
Quote Radio Islam
Is it the duty of the photojournalist to document these ‘realities’ Is it the gritty realism? Or
An-My Le Small Wars – An arty representation of war?
Does it glamorise war?
Is it indicative of the viewer's mind rather than advertising manipluation
Record cover with fourteen year old girl naked on a cover
Looks at censorship of fine art and the media. Much of the Postmodern art world is embracing the Kitsch world. She talks about the Miller Test. When does a piece of art beacome offensive and obscene.
We tend to accept works of painted art as art however when the media is photography it raises more questions.
Deemed obscene , investigated and removed from the exhibition. Going beyond what society expects in a art gallery or should art viewers be allowed the choice?
Child actress Brooke Shiled. Photograph taken for Sugar and Spice ( offshoot of Playboy) Her mother scantioned the photographs. Then Richard Prince doctored image - questioning American values.
Brooke Shields was horrified that her mother had allowed this and as an adult she understood about the gaze. IS she playing in the perceptions about how men view women?